The Kilbrandon Report was published in 1964, Children and Young Persons, Scotland, Cmnd 2306 – there was a radical approach here, emphasising the needs of the child whatever the situation, as well as the importance of the impact of poor parenting. This was subsequently enacted in the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968, which was implemented in 1971, at which time both the youth courts and probation service were disbanded. Children's hearings replaced youth courts and probation functions became a social work responsibility. For more information, read the entry from 1961 relating to the setting up of the Kilbrandon Committee.
Source: Professor Bill Whyte, 03/04/2017.
Further reading: Asquith, S (ed.) (1995) The Kilbrandon Report: Children and Young Persons Scotland Children in Society Edinburgh: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.
The Kilbrandon Report is available here: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2003/10/18259/26879