The National Health Service and Community Care Act led to massive changes in the organisation and delivery of social work services; it required local authorities to help vulnerable adults and their carers remain in the community. The legislation was based on two White Papers, Working for Patients (1989) and Caring for People (1991). It was the first legislation to try to bridge the gap between health boards and local council social services. Under the Act, social care departments were given the responsibility for community care for older people. Following a community care assessment, services would be geared to what the older person needed rather than what was actually available. Home care, day care and respite care were to be developed to help people live in their own homes wherever possible.