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Timeline :: Poor Law (Amendment) Act

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The Scottish 1845 Poor Law (Amendment) Act, in common with legislation in England and Wales, created a new centralised system and local parochial boards, and encouraged the building of poorhouses (not workhouses), so focusing on providing care for those who could not work - orphans, older and disabled people, not unemployed people; however, it was not until the end of the nineteenth century that significant numbers of parishes extracted rates to pay for social welfare (Paterson 1976), and from then on, poorhouses gradually appeared in most towns and cities in Scotland.

Thereafter, the Local Government Act 1929 (England and Wales) and its companion Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 came together to transfer the administration of poor laws from parish councils to new county, city and burgh councils.

From: Cree, VE (forthcoming 2018) 'A history of social work in Scotland', in Cree and Smith (Eds) Social Work in a Changing Scotland, London: Routledge.