On 18th September 2014, a referendum on Scottish independence from the UK took place. The referendum question, which voters answered with 'Yes' or 'No', was "Should Scotland be an independent country?" Although the 'No' side won, with 55.3% voting against independence, 44.7% voted in favour. The turnout (84.6%) was exceptionally high - it was the highest recorded for an election or referendum since the introduction of universal suffrage in the UK. The referendum - both before and after - generated extensive debate about the nature of Scottish identity and about whether Scotland was capable of managing its own affairs. The Edinburgh academic Bill Whyte argues that 'Scotland is still dealing with the aftermath of a major cultural shift which focused on what is good and distinctive in Scotland and also on what needs to be improved and changed' (p267).
Source: Whyte, B. (2016) 'Social work in Scotland: who calls the shots?', Ethics and Social Welfare 10(3): 267-275.