In 1965, Brian Abel-Smith and Peter Townsend published The Poor and the Poorest, a study of poverty in post-war Britain. Here they argued that the welfare state that the Beveridge reforms had brought into being had not eliminated poverty. Instead, they identified a rise in poverty between 1953 and 1954, and again in 1960, at a time of relatively strong economic growth. Their method and analysis has been challenged - see Gazeley, I., Rufrancos, H.G., Newell, A., Reynolds, K. and Searle, R. (2016) The poor and the poorest, 50 years on: evidence from British Household Expenditure Surveys of the 1950s and 1960s. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), doi.org/10.1111/rssa.12202.
Source: Abel-Smith, Brian, and Townsend, Peter (1965) The Poor and the Poorest, A New Analysis of the Ministry of Labour's Family Expenditure Surveys of 1953-54 and 1960, LSE Occasional Papers on Social Administration No. 17, London: G. Bell and Sons.