When Eileen Younghusband was commissioned by government to investigate rates of qualified staff in local authority health and social work in 1956, she found that 93% of all staff were unqualified! (Younghusband, 1959). Numbers on social work education courses were small too – only 98 in 1950/51, increasing to 302 by 1962/3, with LSE and Liverpool universities accounting for over half the students (Heraud, 1981).
She envisaged a 3 tier system:
1) welfare assistants at the bottom would have in-service training;
2) those in the middle would have a two-year training course combining theory and practice, located at FE colleges;
3) university-trained workers would be at the top - they would work with the most difficult cases and have a teaching function over workers with less training.
The distinction was therefore made between 'trained' and 'professionally trained' workers. Following this, four so-called ‘Younghusband’ courses were subsequently set up in non-university colleges to train social workers for the health and welfare services. They later led to the award of the Certificate in Social Work (CSS).
The report also called for the establishment of the Council for Training in Social Work (CTSW) to promote and regulate courses and a staff college for trainign of teachers and senior administrators (NISW).
Source: Younghusband, E. (1959) Report of the Working Party on Social Workers in the Local Authority Health and Welfare Services, London: HMSO.